Typhoid fever is a serious infection spread primarily from consuming food or drinking water contaminated with faeces or urine from someone infected with typhoid. Keep reading to find out why you need a typhoid travel vaccine in Manchester before you jet off.
Typhoid fever vaccination is recommended if you are travelling to parts of the world where the disease is prevalent.
In the United Kingdom, there are two primary vaccines available to prevent typhoid fever:
1. Vi vaccine – Made up of pure polysaccharide from the capsule of Salmonella typhi. A dosage of 25 micrograms of antigen in 0.5 ml is used.
It is delivered as a single dosage subcutaneously or intramuscularly. Additional dosages do not result in an increase in antibody levels.
Seven days following immunisation, a considerable increase in antibody titres is apparent, however, the maximal antibody response occurs after four weeks.
2. Ty21a vaccine – Also referred to as ‘typhoid tablets,’ this vaccine is manufactured from live germs that have been attenuated. Immunity is acquired seven days after the final dosage when three doses are provided on alternate days (0, 2, and 4).
In endemic locations, a repeat three-dose course is necessary every year.
Oral typhoid vaccine is available in enteric-coated capsules and is suitable for use in children as young as five years of age.
The typhoid vaccine should be administered at least one month prior to travel. However, you can get the vaccine closer to the departure date if necessary.
Booster immunisations every three years are necessary if you are at risk of typhoid infection.
Typhoid fever is found all over the world but is more prevalent in places with inadequate sanitation and hygiene.
The Indian subcontinent, Africa, South and Southeast Asia, and South America are all high-risk zones.
Vaccination is strongly suggested if you will:
– Be living or working with indigenous people.
– Be staying for an extended period in places with questionable sanitation and food hygiene.
In the United Kingdom, the majority of people who contract typhoid fever do so while visiting India, Pakistan, or Bangladesh. It is extremely critical that you get the vaccination prior to visiting these nations.
To learn more about what you need before travelling, check out our travel guide here:
The greatest approach to minimise your chance of contracting typhoid when travelling is to follow these steps:
– Stringent food and water safety measures, including safe water consumption
– Efficient methods of hand cleanliness and personal hygiene
However, these methods should be used alongside a typhoid fever vaccination. This is mostly necessary for those travelling to a place where typhoid fever is prevalent or if they are unable to maintain adequate hygiene, diet, or drinking water.
The vaccines work by prompting your body to produce antibodies (anti-infection proteins) that protect you from becoming ill if you contract typhoid. For up to three years, these immunisations provide some protection against typhoid.
Even if you are fully vaccinated, it is critical to take additional hygiene and food and water precautions, as neither of these vaccines provides 100 percent protection.
Precautions regarding food and drink will also help protect children who are too young to receive vaccinations, as well as protect you from other infections, such as travellers’ diarrhoea.
Book your appointment now and ensure you travel safely!